Getting Started with HTML
Copyright 2004 Dean Walden
The basic language of the Internet is HTML. If you can do crossword puzzles, if you can write a report for your teacher or boss, you can be creating web pages in a matter of minutes.
Even if you're not a writer or not a 'techie'. It's sort of like your first date. Terrifying to think about, but not nearly as bad as you thought when it's over.
The truth is that you can create your first webpage with just eight
words enclosed in
<> symbols.That's right! The following words,
with each enclosed in
<> symbols, make a complete usable web page.
html don't enclose this one, it's your content:
If you copy what's between the lines above, open Notepad,
paste it into a page, enclose each word in
<> symbols and save it
anyname.htm, you can open your web browser and load it just like any
other web page or double click on it and it should load automatically.
Now, that wasn't as bad as you thought, was it? All you need now is
to learn some more of those words enclosed in
<> symbols and you'll
be a pro.
Those words such as
/html (when enclosed in brackets like these
are called tags, for instance <some tag> and </some
end tag>. The ones such as
head are called start tags
and the ones with this symbol
/ such as
/head are called end
What you see in the web browser is what you put between the
/body tags. You could type an entire report or letter without knowing
any more than you do now.
If you learn just two more tags you can create links and use images in your web pages. Also, and nearly as important, you could be making changes in web pages that you may own already.
The HTML below will put a link to Google on your web page when a
symbol is placed before the
/a letters and a
symbol is placed after the second quote and the
/a symbol .
To put the link on the web page you created above just copy the line between
the lines above and paste it between the
/body tags and save it.
Then load it or double click it as before.
The tag used for links is the
a tag and it's counterpart the
As you can see there is a little more to this tag. In the
you add the webpage that the link will load into your browser.
If you want an image on your web page use the HTML tag below and place
< at the start and a
> at the end.
This is set up to put an image called
mypicture.jpg (located on the floppy
disc in drive a:) on a web page.
Again if you just copy this (replacing 'mypicture.jpg' with the name of your image) and paste it between the body tags the picture will appear in the browser window. (by the way if you make changes to the web page then save the changes, you need to click the refresh button on the browser to see the changes in the browser window.)
Of course, there is also a lot more to HTML (It doesn't get too complex until you start making tables). In fact complete books (many of them) have been written on the subject, but if you look at the HTML for most web pages you will find less than ten different tags, including the ones above.
Well, that's enough to get you started. If you'd like to learn more just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. I hope this has been helpful and encouraging.